What is phonics?
It is a method for teaching reading and writing of the English language by developing learners’ phonemic awareness—the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate phonemes—in order to teach the correspondence between these sounds and the spelling patterns (graphemes) that represent them.
Phonics consists of:
- Identifying sounds in spoken words;
- Recognising the common spellings of each phoneme (sound);
- Blending phonemes into words for reading;
- Segmenting words into phonemes for spelling.
Letters and Sounds
Being able to read is the most important skill children learn during their early schooling and has far-reaching implications for lifelong learning, conﬁdence and well-being. High quality phonic teaching is the prime means by which we teach children how to read and spell words.
At Hazel Leys Academy, we follow the ‘Letters and Sounds’ phonics programme and this guide is designed to help you, as parents, understand ‘Letters and Sounds’ so that you can support your child at home. Although ‘Letters and Sounds’ is a phonics teaching programme, it is also fun so …enjoy!
Something to Think About!
The English language is tricky and just when children have mastered the graphemes that correspond with the phonemes (e.g. p-l-ay) they then realise that there can be many choices as to which grapheme to use. Here is an example:
So, the more support and opportunities they have to practice their ‘Letters and Sounds’ the better!
Useful Web sites to develop phonics: